(a) Stop smoking
(b) Control blood pressure
(c) Control cholesterol
(d) All of the above
A.(d) All of the above. In addition, women can exercise daily to maintain a healthy weight (or lose weight if overweight) and improve their nutrition by eating a variety of fruits, vegetables, grains, dairy, fish, legumes and protein low in saturated and trans fats.
Q. The most common type of osteoporotic fracture is:
(a) vertebrae and spine
(b) wrist or hand
(c) leg and foot
A. (a) vertebrae and spine. Compression fractures of the vertebrae and spine are most common. Many of these fractures do not cause noticeable symptoms. However, women who have multiple spine fractures, or who have severe or recent fractures, may experience chronic back pain. Loss of height or curvature of the upper back (sometimes called a “dowager’s hump”) may result.
Q. Which of the following statements about menopause and cancer is true?
(a) Menopause increases risk of breast cancer only.
(b) Menopause increases risk for every type of cancer.
(c) Menopause is not associated with increased cancer risk.
(d) Menopause is associated with a decrease in cancer risk.
A. (c) Menopause is not associated with increased cancer risk. However, some cancer rates typically increase with age, so postmenopausal women should be informed about the most common cancers that may affect them (including cancer of the breast, uterus, cervix, ovaries, lungs, colon, and rectum). Also, some of the therapies used to treat menopausal symptoms are associated with an increased or a decreased risk for certain types of cancer.
Q. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes in women around the time of menopause include which of the following? Select all that apply.
(b) Weight distributed around the abdomen and upper part of the body (or “apple-shaped”)
(c) Personal history of gestational diabetes (increased blood sugar during pregnancy)
(d) Family history of diabetes
(e) All of the above
A. (e) All of the above. Women with any of these risk factors should be screened for diabetes around menopause. Women who have diabetes are strongly urged to work with their healthcare providers to manage the disease and maintain a healthy lifestyle. Diet, exercise, and weight control are especially important for any woman who is at high risk for diabetes or has the disease.
How did you do on the quiz? To learn more about health issues facing women in postmenopause, visit the Web site of The North American Menopause Society (NAMS).