#Health & Fitness
How to Effectively Care for and Treat Oily Skin
Of the five different skin types, oily skin is certainly one of the most common, especially in teens. Learn how to exfoliate and properly clean oily skin to keep looking your best.
There are five basic skin types, and each of them determines the treatments and natural skin care products that can be the most effective. Skin treatment and classifications fall into the categories of normal, dry, sensitive, combination, and oily skin. Normal skin typically will not have any traces of oil. If your skin is normal, it should feel and look vibrant and supple. Normal skin tends to also be the least problematic and can look healthy with minimal skin treatment. If your skin is dry, it may be visibly dry and flaky. Dry skin can easily develop wrinkles and is more prone to aging and irritation. Individuals developing a plan for dry skin treatment should include the use of hydrating treatments and moisturizers. Sensitive skin also tends to be dry and tight and becomes irritated easily.
Typically, people with sensitive skin tend to develop rashes and red spots on their skin that may be sensitive or even itchy. The skin treatment for sensitive skin requires care and it is best to use products that have been tested to treat those with the skin type. Combination skin will typically reveal traces of oil on the nose and forehead but is dry on the cheeks. Those with combination skin may consider using several different products in their skin treatment program to address the needs of the different areas.
Oily skin is common in teens but it is not uncommon to suffer from oily skin well into adulthood. Individuals with this skin type should be mindful of the products they use because oily skin often leads to breakouts and acne. It is important to try several products in order to develop an individualized oily skin care regimen. Oily skin is hereditary and is due in large part to the over-activity of sebaceous glands and often takes on a shiny and firm appearance. The glands are continuously producing more oil than needed and it sometimes results in sheen on the skin. Sometimes oily skin can lead to a diagnosis of seborrehic eczema, which occurs when the glands cause an overproduction of oils on the face and scalp. Oily skin care should address not only acne but also blackheads, whiteheads, and enlarged pores. The pores become enlarged as a response to the oil that is trapped inside the pilosebaceous follicle. As oil blocks the pores, they stretch until they break which results in skin blemishes.
If not properly exfoliated, oily skin can have a dirty or unclear appearance. The upside to oily skin is that the sebum that is produced, as long as it is not excessive, it can leave the skin well-hydrated. If the skin treatment includes moisture, it reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Oily skin care requires gentle cleansing twice a day because it is important to keep skin clean and oil free. The use of daytime moisturizers will help maintain suppleness and should not add oil. Additionally, exfoliation should be integrated in an oily skin care regimen.
Oily skin care must include exfoliation in order to remove the dead cells that sit on the top layer. Exfoliation helps to reduce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines. An exfoliation cleanser should be applied to a sponge or washcloth and gently massaged in a circular motion on the skin. There are a number of exfoliation cleansers that can be purchased at your local drugstore. If you prefer a homemade exfoliation treatment, raw sugar and lemon will work wonders.